What is the Islamic Ruling on insulting the religion of Islam, Allah The Most High, or the messenger peace and blessings be upon him, because cursing the religion is a wide spread phenomenon on the mouths of the young and elder nowadays? And what is the Ruling on mocking and making fun of the people of this religion and its scholars?
All praise due to Allah,
The scholars of this Umma from the past and the present have agreed that cursing Allah, or cursing one of His messengers and making fun out of the religion is disbelief in Allah the Greatest, which takes the one who commits it out of the fold of Islam.
So whomsoever curses Allah, or one of His messengers, he will become Murtad [an apostate] from Islam and separated of the community of Muslims, he will be killed in any circumstance, and he will not be able to make Tauba [repent].
The messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:
عَنْ اِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ: قال صلى الله عليه وسلم: “من بدل دينه فاقتلوه.” رَوَاهُ اَلْبُخَارِيُّ
“He who changes his religion [i.e. apostates] kill him.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]
And the messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:
عن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: “لا يحل دم امرئ مسلم يشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، وأني رسول الله، إلا بإحدى ثلاث: الثيّب الزاني، والنفس بالنفس، والتارك لدينه المفارق للجماعة.” رواه البخاري ومسلم
“It is not permissible to spill the blood of a Muslim except in three [instances]: the married person who commits adultery, a life for a life, and the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community.” [Sahih al-Bukhari & Muslim] So he mentions “the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community of Muslims.
And the ruling on the disbelief of this person, and the obligation to kill him, is on both the person who is serious and the one who’s joking, whether he believes its permissible or not. Allah Ta’ala said:
وَلَئِن سَأَلْتَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلْعَبُ ۚ قُلْ أَبِاللَّهِ وَآيَاتِهِ وَرَسُولِهِ كُنتُمْ تَسْتَهْزِئُونَ لَا تَعْتَذِرُوا قَدْ كَفَرْتُم بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ
If you ask them [about this], they declare: “We were only talking idly and joking.” Say: “Was it at Allah, and His Ayat and His Messenger that you were mocking?” Make no excuses, you have disbelieved after having had faith.” [at-Tauba: 65-66]
Killing this apostate has a lot of benefits as result:
1. Implementing the ruling on such a person is an required matter in Shari’ah. The messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:
قال عليه الصلاة والسلام: لحدٌ يقام في الأرض خيرٌ لها من أن تمطر سبعين خريفًا
“Implementing one Ruling [of Allah] on earth is better for her than to rain for 70 autumns.” Or, as he peace and blessings be upon him said.
2. With his killing, means this person being a plague ends, and his evilness will die with him, and the community will be free of his deviation and trying deviating others.
3. With his killing, those who’s souls were tempting them to encroach on Allah The Most High, or one of His messengers by insulting them or making fun out of them, will be deterred. That why it is an obligation on the Ruler of a Land wherein a person makes this insult, to implement the ruling of Allah The Most High, which is killing without having chance for repentance.
And this ruling that i mentioned is regarding the cursing/slandering, and this is the opinion of those who call themselves Scholars.
And i will mention some of the sayings of the Scholars who stated this issue with consensus:
The first one, Imam Abu Umar ibn ‘Abd al-Barr:
الإمام أبو عمر بن عبد البر، قال: ومن شتم الله تبارك وتعالى أو شتم رسوله صلى الله عليه وسلم أو شتم نبياًّ من أنبياء الله صلوات الله عليهم؛ قتل، إذا كان مظهراً للإسلام، بلا استتابة
“Whomsoever curses Allah The Most High, or curses the messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) or curses a prophet of the prophets of Allah (صلوات الله عليهم), he must be killed, if he’s showing Islam [on the outside], without [having chance for] repentance.”
The second one, Sulayman ibn Abdullah Aal As-Shaykh:
سليمان بن عبد الله آل الشيخ، قال: فمن استهزأ بالله أو بكتابه أو برسوله أو بدينه، ولو هازلاً لم يقصد حقيقة الاستهزاء؛ كفر إجماعًا
“Whomsoever mocks Allah, His Book [Quran], His messenger or His religion, even if he was joking and didn’t mean to mock, is a Kaafir with consensus.”
The third one, al-Qaadhi ‘Iyaadh:
القاضي عياض رحمه الله، قال: لا خلاف أن ساب الله تعالى من المسلمين؛ كافر حلال الدم
“There is no disagreement [amongst the scholars] that the insulter of Allah among the Muslims, is a Kafir who’s blood became Halal.”
The fourth one, Abu Muhammad ‘Ali ibn Hazm:
أبو محمد علي بن حزم، قال: أما سب الله تعالى؛ فما على ظهر الأرض مسلم يخالف في أنه كفر مجرد
“As for insulting Allah, there is not a single Muslim on the back of this earth, disagrees that it is merely Kufr.”
This is what i have, and we ask Allah to give victory to His religion and to Raise His Word, verily He is capable of all, and may His peace and blessings be upon our messenger Muhammad, his household and companions.
6/ 2/ 1421 هـ
Sheikh Hamood ibn ‘Uqlaa as-Shu’aybi may Allah be pleased with him.